Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania, located in the Indian Ocean, in East Africa.
Zanzibar has its own government, known as the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar. It is composed of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres off the coast of the mainland, and consists of numerous small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, referred to informally as Zanzibar), and Pemba.
The capital of Zanzibar, located on the island of Unguja, is Zanzibar City. Its historic centre, known as Stone Town, is a World Heritage Site and is claimed to be the only functioning ancient town in East Africa.
The currency is the Tanzanian Shilling, TZS.
Zanzibaris speak Kiswahili, a language which is spoken extensively in East Africa. Many locals also speak English, French, or Italian.
Zanzibar's main industry are spices, in particular, the islands produce cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, and black pepper. For this reason, the island is sometimes called the Spice Islands.
The heat of summer (corresponding to the northern hemisphere winter) is often cooled by strong sea breezes associated with the northeast monsoon, particularly on the north and east coasts. Being near to the equator, the islands are warm year round.
The Neptune resort is situated on the North East side of the island, at Kiwengwa, on one of the nicest beaches of Zanzibar.
Zanzibar's main airport is Zanzibar International Airport in Kisauni (ZNZ).